Lineage being an important consideration in Arab society, the Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم family tree was well-documented. He was born into a family that traced its ancestry back to the Prophet Ibraheem عليه السلام through Prophet Isma’eel عليه السلام.
The Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم lineage is as follows: Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Abdul Muttalib bin Hashim bin Abdu Munaf bin Qusayy bin Kalib bin Murrah bin Ka’b bin Luayy bin Ghalib bin Fihr bin Malik bin Mudhr bin Nizar bin Ma’d bin Adnan — And the scholars agree that Adnan was the descendant of Isma’eel عليه السلام.
The Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم mother was Amina, the daughter of Wahb bin Abdu Munaf bin Zuhra bin Kilab, Kilab also appears as a paternal ancestor of the Prophet. It is said that his real name was Urwa or Hakim, but he was known as Kilab because of his passion for hunting with dogs (called “Kilab” in Arabic).
Answer the following:
- How is Prophet Muhammed صلى الله عليه وسلم related to Prophet Ibraheem عليه السلام?
- Who is the person that appears as both paternal and maternal ancestor of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم?
- Why was Urwa called by the name Kilab?